Atlantic Salmon Spawning Again In River Lyvennet

Children fishwatching in the River Lyvennet, Cumbria

Fish watchers on the banks of the Lyvennet river, Maulds Meaburn may now see Atlantic Salmon.

Local children designed the information signs beside Maulds Meaburn’s Salmon ladder at the Lyvennet Weir, and today’s news release from The Environment Agency (8th December 2014) will be greeted with excitement by young and old in the Eden Valley, Cumbria.

These Lyvennet trout, now share their river with Atlantic Salmon again.

These Lyvennet trout, now share their river with Atlantic Salmon again.

According to the release, over 20 Atlantic Salmon spawning sites or redds as they are known, were documented this week along the stretch of river that was improved by Eden Rivers Trust (ERT) earlier this year in a joint project to naturalise the course of the Lyvennet river.

This highly ambitious groundwork project restored straightened parts of the Lyvennet and Howe Beck back to a natural meandering state, for benefits to people and wildlife (See related article). The project is already reaping great success with over 20 salmon redds seen this week in the restored reach of the Lyvennet river at Maulds Meaburn.

The Atlantic Salmon had completed one of the most iconic migrations in the natural world, they travelled to the rich feeding grounds of Iceland and Greenland, before journeying some 3000 km home to the becks of their birth to become parents themselves!

The Lyvennet river channel was originally straightened for land management purposes and the increased energy in the river water leads to the river removing the smaller gravels necessary to support spawning. Furthermore, the lack of bends, associated scour and natural features, prevented the formation of vital pool and riffle habitats for a range of wildlife to thrive.

Reinstating the river back to its natural state has brought multiple benefits, including creating larger, diverse habitats for plants and animals to flourish. More natural, meandering rivers also help alleviate flood risk by slowing the flow of the river, and reducing bottle necks. This can delay both the height and timing of flood flows, benefiting communities downstream, without increasing flood risk upstream.

The Lyvennet scheme is part of a wider Cumbrian River Restoration Strategy that is tasked with restoring rivers back to a more natural condition, made possible by a partnership between the Environment Agency, Natural England and the Rivers Trusts across the county.
It is part of an ambitious package of significant restoration projects being delivered in the UK right now which all deliver improvements for ecology, habitat and local residents.

Charles Lowther, landowner at Barnskew and Meaburn Hall at Maulds Meaburn, said:

“Hopefully this scheme along with the other excellent work Eden Rivers Trust is doing will help reverse the trend of decline in spawning salmon in the river Eden.
“It has been amazing to see the river Lyvennet transformed in such a short space of time and to have evidence of spawning so soon after the restoration is fantastic news and confirmation that this improvement in habitat has measurable results.  We, the community in the area, are very proud of what ERT have achieved and wish to thank them very much.”

Simon Johnson, Director Eden Rivers Trust, said,

“The welcome return of spawning salmon to this section of restored river is wonderful news. Key to the success of the project has been the close co-operation and support we have received from farmers, landowners and partners.
However, we should remember that Eden salmon populations are in a state of decline. This project is part of ERT’s Saving Eden Strategy which will help to conserve this iconic species for future generations”.

Ben Bayliss, Environment Agency Programme Manager, said:

“It is fantastic news that following our river restoration project, already Atlantic Salmon have been recorded in the reach building redds.
However, while improving the river environment will help to improve salmon stocks, it is not enough on its own and we need to work together with anglers so we can review measures that would increase the number of salmon surviving to spawn.”

In early 2015, ERT will be organising a community tour of the restored reach of the Lyvennet including an opportunity to plant riverside trees. See www.edenriverstrust.org.uk for future announcements!

 

 

Advertisements

Farming Haweswater, RSPB Site Manager Explains New Developments

Haweswater Reservoir in March 2014

Haweswater Reservoir in March 2014

Lee Schofield, RSPB Site Manager for Haweswater explaining the farming of Haweswater at Maulds Meaburn Village Institute

Lee Schofield, RSPB Site Manager for Haweswater explaining the farming of Haweswater at Maulds Meaburn Village Institute

At Maulds Meaburn Village Institute on April 2, Lee Schofield, Site Manager for the RSPB delivered a fast-paced talk on recent developments at Haweswater that was illustrated with fine images of birds and was densely informative, highly interesting and very encouraging. Haweswater Reservoir in Mardale is one of Cumbria’s iconic lakes, it supplies more than 2 million people with fresh water and is home to a rich and varied fauna and flora including England’s last Golden Eagle.

The Royal Society For The Protection of Birds (RSPB) has a 45 yr lease from United Utilities and is now responsible for the management of two farms, one at The Naddle and one at Swindale and working hard to improve the local area for wildlife as part of a larger project of improvement in which United Utilities are in the process of planting about 180,000 trees!

Read more on the LVCP News Blog

Eden Rivers Trust Restoring The Petteril – advertise apprenticeships

Volunteers using cut logs and branches to stabilise banks and create habitat for wildlife ERT Petteril Project
Volunteers using cut logs and branches to stabilise banks and create habitat for wildlife ERT Petteril Project

Great improvement is being seen on the River Petteril in north Cumbria thanks to local farmers working with Eden Rivers Trust to clean up the river and bring back wildlife.

The work within this Petteril Project will help to clean up the river and bring back the plants and animals which once thrived there. The River Petteril is a tributary of the Eden and runs for 25 miles from Penrith to Carlisle. Eden Rivers Trust has been working on a restoration project for the last four years with local farmers, the Environment Agency (EA) and Natural England’s Catchment Sensitive Farming Scheme.

More details

On many of the farms the Trust has helped to improve their yards and buildings in a way that reduces pollution reaching the river. For example new roofs have been built over manure stores and farm yards where cows collect to reduce the amount of dirty water reaching the river. Cement yards, drainage channels and guttering have all been installed to divert clean rain water away from dirty yard areas and to collect contaminated water so that it does not end up in the river.

Alison Reed, River Petteril Project Officer at Eden Rivers Trust, said, “The farmers in the area have been fantastic and are really interested in implementing the changes which are needed to improve the river. Often we find the discussions lead to a long term plan for the farm which benefits the environment, animal welfare and the farm business.”
Richard Wood, Project Manager, Environment Agency, said, “Our rivers support vital habitats and are improving but there is still more we can do. Using catchment data we have been able to target areas on the Petteril where this kind of work is of most value. It is great to see this all coming together with so many improvements being delivered on the ground.”

The current funding for the project is due to come to an end in March 2015 but there is still much work to be done. Eden Rivers Trust has a list of farms to work with along the Petteril during 2014.

Higher rainfall and flood events are becoming more frequent, creating problems with more water on the land and in the farm yard. This often needs a more focused investigation such as surface water plans produced by the Catchment Sensitive Farming Scheme which identify measures to tackle some of these problems.
Many of the tributaries of the Petteril such as Blackrack Beck are also prone to the build up of sediment in the river which makes it difficult for fish to live and breed there. The Trust is surveying the beck and investigating where the sediment is coming from. By working with the land owners it is hoped to solve the problems and reduce the amount of sediment in the river. Some landowners are already tackling the issue and looking at ways of improving the beck, for example by moving fences further away from the river, re-meandering the beck and planting trees.

 

This summer the Trust has worked with 14 farms to carry out work which will benefit the river.

The improvements include:

  • fencing over 2.5 km of river bank
  • planting 750 trees
  •  50 m of hedging.
  • A new farm bridge has been installed to keep cattle out of the river
  • bank reinforcement – cut logs and branches have been used along 300 m of eroding river to stabilise the banks and create ideal conditions for wildlife.

Why does the Petteril need restoration?
The Petteril needs help because it has deteriorated from being the best trout river in the Eden Valley in the 1940’s and 50’s to now being one of the poorest. This is due to a series of pollution incidents, more intensely farmed surroundings and the affects of the adjacent M6, A6 and railway line. All have led to a decline in the quality of the water and habitat and hence its wildlife.

 

New Bridge Over Lamb Beck

New Bridge Over Lamb Beck

As part of their Cherish Eden (Heritage Lottery project) Eden Rivers Trust has an apprentice scheme and are looking for 6 apprentices to start in March 2014.  Click here to view a copy of their advert please pass this on to anyone you know who may be interested in the scheme.
Eden Rivers Trust is a Company limited by guarantee number 06460807, registered in England and Wales.
and also a Registered Charity, Number 1123588.

Contact ERT’s Headquarters :

Tel: 01768 866788
office@edenriverstrust.org.uk
www.edenriverstrust.org.uk

Meanders added to River Leith in Eden Rivers Restoration Project

 

Digging the new channel at Thrimby Hall

Waitings digging the new channel in the Leith river at Thrimby Hall near Penrith

According to an Oct. 1st press release from Eden Rivers Trust, a major restoration project to reverse historic straightening and widening and return the river to a more natural state has started on the River Leith near Penrith in Cumbria. The work is being managed by the trust in partnership with the tenant farmer, the land owner, the Environment Agency and Natural England as part of the River Eden River Restoration Project.

Eden Rivers Trust is a charity dedicated to conserving the beautiful River Eden in Cumbria and its hundreds of miles of tributaries. The river system is designated a Site of Special Scientific Interest classed by Europe as a Special Area of Conservation. Since its establishment in 1996 the Trust has completed over 200 projects to improve the condition of the river for its wildlife and for people to enjoy. Eden Wildlife Trust works with volunteers, farmers and  landowners to help achieve the most environmentally-friendly land management for the river. Staff from the trust also conduct environmental education, meeting more than 10,000 people, half of them pupils from 50 different schools.

Local company Waitings have been awarded the contract to excavate a new winding river channel on land at Thrimby Hall, Little Strickland, just south of Penrith.  The first phase of work will involve digging out the old river channel, adjacent to the straightened section of the River Leith where it runs alongside the railway line.  The river will then be diverted into the restored channel next summer.  The impact upon river wildlife will be minimised by diverting the channel gradually, with fish transferred from the old channel to the new one.

Pair of Bullheads in a Cumbrian river

The restoration work will help improve conditions for fish such as these Bullheads. They are native freshwater gobioid fish also known as ‘Miller’s Thumbs’.

The work is being undertaken to reinstate a more natural gradient and meandering channel to the river. Meanders are beneficial because they slow the flow of the river and alter the way it moves stones, gravel and silt along its length.  This will recreate a variety of features that are currently lacking from the straightened river.  Examples include pools capable of supporting larger fish, shallow margins where freshwater plants can establish, shingle banks which are important for insects, and gravel beds where fish can lay their eggs.  This diversity supports a much wider variety of insects, fish and other wildlife than man-made channels.  Examples of animals which will benefit from this scheme include salmon, trout, bullheads, stone loach, otters, kingfishers and dippers.

Kingfisher, photo and copyright Eden Rivers Trust

Kingfisher, photo and copyright Eden Rivers Trust

Artificially straightened, widened and deepened channels make the river flow faster and can lead to greater erosion and flooding downstream.  This work will tackle these issues on the River Leith by re-creating natural meanders that help slow down the flow of the river, benefitting local wildlife and people.

Eden Rivers Trust Project Officer Gareth Pedley said: “This is a fantastic opportunity to allow the river to function more naturally with significant benefits for wildlife and people.  We hope that we can continue this type of work in future years in different areas of the Eden and its tributaries, working with a variety of land owners and organisations interested in the river.”

Oliver Southgate, Project Manager for the Environment Agency, said: “We are delighted to be helping drive a project which will help restore the River Leith to its former glory, boosting biodiversity in the process for the benefit of generations to come.”

 

An Eden brown trout, photo and copyright John Stock

An Eden brown trout, photo and copyright John Stock

Through this project, the land owner is gaining environmental benefits such as entry into an Environmental Stewardship Scheme Higher Level agreement, more stable river banks with less erosion, and new riverside fencing and trees.  Richard Gordon who farms at Thrimby Hall is very enthusiastic about the plans to restore the River Leith where it flows across his land.  He said, “I am supportive of this project because it will help return the river to what it once was, and I would like my own children to see and enjoy it that way.  The partnership between Eden Rivers Trust, the Environment Agency and Natural England has enabled it all to happen.”

A further restoration project will begin later in the year on the River Lyvennet near Maulds Meaburn.

Otter. Photo and copyright Eden Rivers Trust

Otter. Photo and copyright Eden Rivers Trust. 

Further information on Eden Rivers Trust is available at www.edenriverstrust.org.uk.  They welcome new volunteers and supporters.

Rural Cumbria Connects Launches Community Purchase Scheme For Renewable Heating

Rural Cumbria Connects logo

For Original Press Release Click Here

Forty rural homes off the gas grid are to benefit from support grants from Energy Savings Trust (EST) for renewable biomass and solar water heating technologies  in a new community purchase scheme unique to Cumbria, run by Rural Cumbria Connects. 

Environmental education at Low Luckens Organic Resource Centre www.lowluckensfarm.co.uk

Environmental education at Low Luckens Organic Resource Centre www.lowluckensfarm.co.uk

Established for community benefit, Rural Cumbria Connects is managed by Simon Sjenitzer and Hazel Broatch of Low Lucans Organic Research Centre (LLORC). Low Luckens Organic Resource Centre was founded in 2000 as an Industrial & Provident Society based on 220 acres of organic farmland, ancient woodland and river not far from Carlisle.  LLORC works to promote sustainable farming, local healthy food and the countryside to visitors of all ages and abilities. Renewable heating is an important element of sustainable living in rural and urban areas alike, but it’s adoption in rural homes that are off the gas grid is seen as particularly important, not just in the reduction of carbon emissions from fossil fuels, but also in lowering heating costs, improving heating efficiency and quality of life.

The technologies supported in this initiative are Biomass boilers and Solar Thermal water heating systems and Rural Cumbria Connects has successfully arranged support funding from Energy Savings Trust that is significantly better than the Premium Payments previously available for householders. Under the community purchase terms the forty owner occupiers can get grants of £3000 towards biomass boiler installations , and £700 towards solar thermal panels, installed alone or in combination.  According to its website,

“the Energy Savings Trust serves communities and households by giving impartial, independent and accurate advice on carbon emissions reduction, saving water, reducing energy bills and developing sustainable sources of energy.”

Simon Sjenitzer, Chairman of LLORC said “The scheme is unique and has shown what can be achieved by community organisations across Cumbria working together. We have been successful in securing over £100,000 in grants (through The Energy Savings Trust) for homeowners across Cumbria who are dependent on oil, LPG, and coal for heating their homes.” He went on to explain that the homeowners will receive their grants direct from the Government after they have installed one of the identified technologies. “Community purchasing of these technologies is expected to benefit customers and suppliers, create jobs and further encourage the developing fuel-wood supply-chain locally. There is an anticipated depth of benefit that transcends efficient home heating, free of fossil fuels.”

The UK has committed to improving energy efficiency in domestic properties and has identified rural properties in areas that are not on the gas grid as good candidates for renewable heat technologies.

Carl Bendelow, Projects Co-ordinator for Heart of Eden Development Trust has been instrumental in advancing  several environmental energy projects with the Heart of Eden, including a successful Solar Photovoltaic installation and in-depth research into the feasibility of a micro-hydro electric project in the Eden. Carl said “The Heart of Eden Development Trust has an ongoing interest in promoting sustainable energy and so we’re very pleased to help rural homes switch to renewable heating. The uptake has been enthusiastic and the response shows that there’s a clear need and that our work has been worthwhile.”

Biomass boiler , Windhager LogWin, and insulated water tank installed by Logic . Photo Copyright LOGIC Renewables.

Biomass boiler , Windhager LogWin, and insulated water tank installed by Logic .
Photo Copyright LOGIC Renewables.

Many people that Heart of Eden contacted about the RCC scheme have expressed interest in biomass boilers and solar thermal panels. In the face of rising fossil fuel prices and fuel poverty, switching to Biomass has attractive benefits going forward:

  • Pellets are about half the price of oil per kWh, can be bulk purchased and fed automatically from storage hoppers.

  • The government rewards users under the Renewable Heat Premium Payment scheme (those who receive grants under this scheme will still be able to take part in the domestic Renewable Heat Incentive when it is introduced).

  • The fuel can be produced in Cumbria and surrounds, supporting local producers and reducing our dependence upon imported fuel so reducing the carbon emissions involved in “fuel miles”, and assisting local employment.

  •  The fuel itself emits carbon from this current phase of the carbon cycle, not from past atmospheres, and is clean burning leaving a fine ash suitable for enriching gardens and sweetening acid soil. If not burnt, vegetable matter will emit carbon dioxide in the natural course of its decomposition.

For more information about Biomass heating please see LOGIC’s biomass web page and Case studies pages

Solar Thermal systems specifically assist water heating. Serving best in summer months, they require little maintenance and can contribute up to 60% of domestic annual hot water supply. More information on Solar Thermal from LOGIC’s site

LOGIC Renewables has been selected as the the preferred installer for the projects and will be installing systems over the next three months. LOGIC was selected by Rural Cumbria Connects for their experience in renewable technology installations (see Case studies) for being a local employer and investor in skills development and for their professional practice of using only industry registered and certified, CRB checked engineers with uniforms, marked vans, equipped with PDAs for independent communication with their Headquarters on Appleby’s Cross Croft Industrial Estate. LOGIC’s capability of servicing the installations and 24 hr emergency call-out also make the firm a good choice .

Kevin Hall of LOGIC Renewables said “We are very proud to be installers for Rural Cumbria Connects. Community group purchasing for renewable heating should make it accessible to more people and will also help local employment.” He went on to say “LOGIC has put renewables into community buildings, farms, hotels and residential properties. Biomass and Solar Thermal are good reliable technologies. ”

The community groups and LLORC are maintaining a reserve list for later submissions. So home owners who complete and submit the Expression of Interest (EOI) form (To download,  click here to access the page) will have their interest registered and may yet be included in the event of any households dropping out, or if further funds become available. For more information on Rural Cumbria Connects please contact Hazel Broatch on 016977 48860 or Simon Sjenitzer 07796 763 816

LOGIC Renewables van outside the offices and showroom, no.6 Cross Croft Industrial estate, Appleby-in-Westmorland

LOGIC Renewables van outside the offices and showroom, no.6 Cross Croft Industrial estate, Appleby-in-Westmorland

For more information about LOGIC renewables contact:
Dave McGuiggan Renewables Manager   01228 59 8000
and view Logic’s website    http://www.logic-group.co.uk

Heart of Eden
HoE has been keenly engaged in important social infrastructure and environment and development work in the Appleby area of Westmorland.

They worked on a feasibility study for a hydro electricity generation plant at Bongate weir, Appleby, Solar Photo Voltaic systems on village halls with Big Society funding, a survey of energy use in the HoE communities (the SEE study) and a DECC LEAF study for the creation of an energy node at Kirkby Thore. For more information please view the HoE website.

http://www.heartofeden.co.uk

Or contact

Carl Bendelow
Project Development Officer
Heart of Eden Development Trust www.ApplebyBusinessCentre.co.uk Appleby Cumbria CA16 6QH

In Praise of Eden Rivers Trust and Partners for Crayfish Conservation, Cherish Eden, Riparian Fisheries Planning, Flood Alleviation and More!

Native White-Clawed Crayfish Ede

Eden Rivers Trust Winter Newsletter edition 26 from www.edenriverstrust.org.uk

Eden Rivers Trust Winter Newsletter edition 26 from http://www.edenriverstrust.org.uk

The Winter edition of The Eden Rivers Trust Newsletter is out now and it relates how Eden Rivers Trust staff and local volunteers are engaging with important projects that protect riparian habitat, its wildlife and community interests in the Eden Valley’s river catchment area,  clicking the image on the left will download their latest newsletter. Since its establishment in 1996, ERT has completed 200 projects to improve the condition of the river for its wildlife and for people’s enjoyment.

The ERT’s Winter Newsletter announces the great news that a £473,618 Defra grant will empower them to further improve the condition of rivers in the Eden River catchment and so improve the prospects for our native white-clawed crayfish, sadly threatened and declining across the UK and Western Europe. ERT is working effectively with a range of volunteers and key partner organisations on the front lines of river conservation to protect the river system in our internationally recognised Special Area of Conservation.

The new grant follows the ERT’s successful completion of a SITA Trust conservation project in the Appleby area.

According to an ERT press release issued today (17th Dec), Eden Rivers Trust staff in partnership with The SITA Trust and volunteers of varied ages and walks of life, have just completed a three year, £138,000 conservation project, working in two Cumbrian rivers, the Hoff and Helm Becks near Appleby, for the benefit of native crayfish and other wildlife and all who appreciate them.

Achievements in this project include:

  • 8329 m of riverside fencing established to protect the banks from farm animals;
  • 5350 trees have been planted along rivers to stabilise river banks and provide food and hiding places for wildlife;
  • 214 sites were surveyed for native crayfish, with the help of 77 volunteers;
  • 5 crayfish survey training days held, attended by 61 volunteers;
  • 3871 people have been told about the plight of native crayfish in Cumbria by the Trust attending 40 events and giving 56 talks to local groups;
  • 2 Cumbria University undergraduates completed their conservation projects on crayfish and received a First Class mark for them.

Volunteering for rivers and their wildlife

The Trust expressed their profound gratitude to all the volunteers for their time and effort, and to all the land owners for allowing surveys to take place. Volunteers engaged in the project have have ranged from retired people interested in the river, to local anglers and staff from businesses such as Ullswater Steamer Company, Barclays Bank and the Outward Bound Trust  to pupils from QEGS Queen Elizabeth Grammar School in Penrith and students from Cumbria University and other universities.

Joanne Backshall, Conservation Officer with Eden Rivers Trust, said, “This amazing creature is threatened with extinction.  Improving the rivers in the county for crayfish will benefit not only this endangered species but all the wildlife associated with rivers.  Healthy, attractive rivers are also of benefit to people in providing clean water supplies and creating beautiful landscapes for locals and visitors to enjoy.  We are grateful to SITA Trust for their financial support for this very valuable conservation project.”

The Hoff and Helm Becks project has been funded by SITA Trust, an organisation which supports worthy environmental and social projects improving vital public recreation facilities such as village halls, community centres, sport, green spaces and play areas, through the Landfill Communities Fund. The LCF has donated over £1 billion to date and powerfully helped the nation.  The LCF distributes funds donated by the recycling and resource management company SITA UK, as of writing the SITA Trust have donated over £92 million, helping 3000 projects through the fund!

Jools Granville of SITA Trust said, “This has been an amazing project with some serious benefits and we are so proud to be a partner in it. We have been humbled by the hard work and dedication of Eden Rivers Trust and the many volunteers, landowners and members of the public who have come together to work towards a more sustainable future for this fantastic and seriously endangered species. Cumbria is such an important location for these crayfish and it’s vital that the good work already undertaken is built upon in the future. ”

The ERT Winter Newsletter tells us that this is precisely what will happen and more besides! Here’s a glimpse of the content:

  • Water Friendly Farming  The Trust is working with farmers to benefit farms and the environment, acting as a buffer between farmers and legislation in partnerships for water quality (To date the ERT has worked with about 200 farms)
  • Miles of progress in battle against invasive species The Trust is battling against powerful invasive species such as Himalayan Balsam, Japanese Knotweed and the poisonous Giant Hogweed to protect our local species and prevent degradation of habitat. The useful work around Ullswater features in this edition.
  • Adapting Land use for Flood Alleviation Increasingly important work in collaboration with Newton Rigg College to slow water run-off into the rivers helping to reduce flooding by introducing a variety of techniques. (To date the ERT has planted 200 farms)
  • Cherish Eden Initial support of over £100,000 in Heritage Lottery Funding has been won in the first phase, spearheading  a potentially larger project.
  • Eden charity bike ride A fundraising team including local residents rode the entire length of the Eden to raise money for Eden House Children’s Hospice!

and …

White-clawed crayfish (Austropotamobius pallipes), native to the UK, held by Conservation Officer Joanne Backshall.

Precious and vulnerable, the White-clawed crayfish (Austropotamobius pallipes), native to the UK, carefully held by Conservation Officer Joanne Backshall. Linda Pitkin Photo

Endangered Native Crayfish Conservation

Eden Rivers Trust tell us that the native, white-clawed crayfish is endangered and rapidly declining across Western Europe.  It is being wiped out by non-native species of crayfish, particularly the North American signal crayfish, and the disease they carry, crayfish plague, which is caused by a fungus.  Native crayfish are also disappearing because many of the rivers in which they occur do not have the right conditions for them to feed, breed and thrive.

Cumbria contains the UK’s only extensive populations of White-Clawed Crayfish with neither a plague infestation, nor the presence of non-native signal crayfish.  The most important of these are in the Rivers Eden and Kent.  Cumbria is vital in a European context because it remains the UK stronghold for the native species according to ERT.

You can learn more about this endangered species on the Eden River Trust’s dedicated white-clawed crayfish page. The site also provides guidance on how to avoid spreading Crayfish Plague from one river to another. We have to be wary of this because the Signal Crayfish have invaded The River Derwent.

These very fine pictures and others taken by Linda Pitkin, including some lovely split views showing river scenes above and below the water line, can be viewed on her Eden Rivers web page http://www.lindapitkin.net/Eden_Rivers/index.html

Native Crayfish by Linda Pitkin

Note the underside of the claws are white. Native White-Clawed Crayfish in river bed habitat by Linda Pitkin

Readers interested in The Eden Rivers Trust and its work, and potential volunteers and donors are invited to contact the Eden Rivers Trust, Dunmail Building, Newton Rigg College, Penrith, Cumbria CA11 0AH
Tel: 01768 866788 | e-mail: office@edenrt.org  | www.edenriverstrust.org.uk
Registered Charity Number 1123588 Company limited by guarantee number 06460807

Registered in England and Wales